Metrological traceability follows international standards established by international research organisations such as the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) as well as national standards established by research institutes in each country. With the globalisation of the economy, conformity with such standards is in high demand.
Under the International Committee for Weights and Measures, a research organisation called the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) is working on basic research into the International System of Units (SI).
Complying with international standards has become imperative amid the globalisation of manufacturing activities. Today, internationally and mutually approved metrological traceability is essential for dimensional measurement results to be recognised as being universal regardless of where they were generated.